PERFORMANCE GRADE ASPHALT MODIFICATION


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HIGHLIGHTS
- JIVE reduces viscosity and increases the UTI of bitumen from an array of crude sources by improving low temperature properties while limiting high temperature rutting.

- Low dosage rates of 3-4% by weight of binder to improve asphalt binder by one PG grade.

- Low VOCs for low volatile mass loss.

- High shear agitation is not needed.

Various commercially available performance-grade (PG) modifiers including JIVE were added to an oil refinery resid (G*: 29.90 kPa, Phase Angle: 86.6, G*/sinδ: 29.96, @ 64°C). An adequate inclusion of modifiers were added to satisfy the AASHTO T315 requirement for complex shear modulus elastic portion (G*/sin, 1.00 – 2.00 kPa). The results comparing the inclusion percentage and PG grades of JIVE against two competitor modifiers are shown in Table 1. Table 1 shows that 10% inclusion of JIVE into the oil refinery resid generates a 64-16, whereas 22.5% and 19.0% inclusion of Competitor 1 and Competitor 2 generate a 64-10 PG, respectively. Therefore, less JIVE is required to obtain a desired PG grade while offering better low temperature cracking resistance.


TABLE 1: PERFORMANCE-GRADE EVALUATION WITH JIVE AND TWO COMPETITORS' BLENDS WITH AN OIL REFINERY RESID

1Pass/Fail temperature is the temperature at which the value of the material will be at the specification limit; 2Out of compliance value; 3To meet a PG 64-10 grade, the PAV DSR would have to pass at 31ºC


JIVE can also effectively modify PG asphalt to obtain different grades as desired. Table 2 demonstrates that addition of JIVE to a 64-22 asphalt binder obtained from a Midwest source is able to modify the PG to a 58-28 and a 52-34 with 4% and 7% inclusion, respectively.


TABLE 2: PERFORMANCE-GRADE MODIFICATION OF 64-22 BASE ASPHALT BINDER TO 58-28 AND 52-34 WITH JIVE


FIGURE 1: ASPHALT LOW TEMPERATURE ENHANCEMENT WITH JIVE COMPARED TO COMPETITOR


Figure 1 demonstrates that at the same inclusion rate, JIVE can improve the relaxation temperature dramatically in comparison to a commonly used competitor product. Data was collected by bending beam rheometer testing of asphalt binder mixed with 3% of either JIVE or Competitor. The change in the relaxation temperature is defined as the change in the continuous relaxation temperature (Tcont, m) before and after addition of each modifying agent.


TABLE 3: EXTENDED AGING COMPARISON OF JIVE ASPHALT BLENDS AND NEAT ASPHALT


A 64-22 asphalt was blended with 4% JIVE based upon weight of the asphalt binder in order to produce a 58-28. A neat 58-28 was also obtained for aging comparison to the 58-28 JIVE blend. Results show that the 58-28 JIVE blend ages similarly to the neat 58-28 in terms of ΔTc for both PAV20 and PAV40 aging.


ASPHALT MIX TESTING


The JIVE blended 58-28 asphalt and neat 58-28 asphalt as previously described were used to produce mixes containing no antistrip additives in order to compare the mix performance of the two. Hamburg wheel tracking, Tensile-strength Ratio (TSR), and Illinois Flexibility Index Test (I-FIT) were used to evaluate mix performance.


TABLE 4: HAMBURG EVALUATION OF JIVE ASPHALT MIX AND NEAT ASPHALT MIX


TABLE 5: I-FIT OF JIVE ASPHALT MIX AND NEAT ASPHALT MIX


TABLE 6: TSR OF JIVE ASPHALT MIX AND NEAT ASPHALT MIX


Hamburg rutting evaluation shows that the JIVE asphalt mix performed similar or better compared to the neat asphalt mix in terms of cycles to 12.5 mm rut depth and the stripping inflection point (Table 4). JIVE asphalt mix also performs similarly to neat asphalt mix in terms of I-FIT flexibility index (Table 5). In addition, JIVE contributes to improving TSR values as it performed better than the neat asphalt mix (Table 6). Overall, the data demonstrate that when JIVE is blended in asphalt, the produced asphalt mix performs the same or better than asphalt mixes containing neat asphalt of the same grade. This along with other data collected on high RAP mixes validates that JIVE, in addition to improving mix performance and reducing rutting susceptibility, has a slight antistrip benefit as well.



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