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Effects of Phytase and Citric Acid on P Bioavailability, AME, and AA Digestibility in DDGS in Chicks


C. Martinez-Amezcua, C. M. Parsons, and D. H. Baker

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801




Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of OptiPhos phytase and citric acid for releasing the P that is not bioavailable in distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). The effect of OptiPhos phytate on AMEn and amino acid digestibility was also determined. New Hampshire × Columbian chicks were fed experimental diets from 8 to 21 d of age. For Experiment 1, a basal P-deficient diet contained 40% DDGS plus supplemental amino acids, and DDGS was the only source of P. The basal diet was then supplemented with 1,000 or 10,000 phytase units (FTU)/kg of OptiPhos phytase or with 0.2% of P from KH2PO4. In Experiment 2, a slope-ratio chick growth and tibia ash assay used a Pdeficient soybean meal basal diet, and it was found that the bioavailability of P in DDGS was 67%. For Experiment 3, a P-deficient basal diet with 30% DDGS plus supplemental amino acids was supplemented with 0.05 or 0.1% P from KH2PO4, with 3% citric acid, or with 1,000 or 10,000 FTU/kg of OptiPhos phytase. In Experiment 1, both 1,000 and 10,000 FTU/kg of phytase increased tibia ash but had no effect on AMEn. Both 10,000 phytase units (FTU)/kg of phytase and supplemental P increased digestibility of amino acids. In Experiment 3, supplemental phytase and citric acid increased tibia ash (mg/tibia), and it was estimated that phytase and citric acid could release from 0.04 to 0.07% P from DDGS. In terms of bioavailability coefficients, the bioavailability of the P in DDGS was increased from 62 to 72%. These results indicate that phytase and citric acid increase the bioavailability of P in DDGS, but phytase at 1,000 FTU/kg had no consistent effect on AMEn and amino acid digestibility.

Key words: phytase, citric acid, distillers dried grains with solubles, phosphorus, poultry

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